"Students at BYU-Idaho are partly involved in solving this antibiotic crisis by searching for new antibiotics in the soil around campus", Kelson said.
As World Antibiotic Awareness Week began on Monday, the United Nations, through its Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), called for responsible use of antibiotics in humans and animals to reduce the emergence of antibiotic resistance.
Health Department's pharmaceutical services standard branch (PSSB) manager, Vali Karo, is calling on the public to stop buying antibiotics from the streets and unauthorised shops in the country.
A systematic review published last week in The Lancet Planetary Health found that interventions that restrict antibiotic use in food-producing animals reduced antibiotic-resistant bacteria in these animals by up to 39 per cent.
They included situations where antibiotics should not routinely be used - such as for upper respiratory tract infections, as topical treatment for surgical wounds and for fever in children without a bacterial infection. It occurs when bacteria develop resistance to an antibiotic treatment, which may be caused by overuse of the drugs or improper prescribing - such as prescribing antibiotics for a viral infection.
In new research released for World Antibiotic Week by independent not-for-profit NPS MedicineWise, a survey of 2509 people revealed 35% of 16- to 24-year-olds ask health professionals for antibiotics when they have colds or flu.
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust is also holding an antibiotics amnesty this month.
Antibiotic resistance "It is important that the public is aware that globally we are running out of effective antibiotics".
"Although we have known about this gene for many decades, the "nuts and bolts" of how it provides resistance to antibiotics has been hard to pick apart".
Members of the public can also hand in their antibiotics at their local high street pharmacy.