Speaking at the ASEAN-Japan Summit, Abe reiterated his call for the worldwide community to increase pressure on the hermit state- a move Japan hopes will make it seek dialogue and lay down arms.
At the meeting with Xi, Abe proposed that Japan and China not only promote trade and investment between the two countries but also cooperation between Japanese and Chinese companies in third countries.
On history, Taiwan and other major issues of principle concerning the political foundation of the China-Japan relations, the Japanese side should always act in light of the four political documents and the consensus reached by the two sides, Xi said.
President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday condemned North Korea's nuclear ambition and backed Japan's moves to counter threats posed by the rogue state amid heightened tensions. "We must increase the pressure on North Korea to the maximum extent using all possible means", he said.
Abe told Li he welcomes the start of those talks and other progress between China and ASEAN, while reiterating that a free and open maritime order based on the rule of law is important in every part of the world.
The heads of state and government of the ASEAN members and the regional bloc's dialogue partners including Abe and US President Donald Trump, will be feted at a gala dinner hosted by President Rodrigo Duterte Sunday night, to mark the 50th anniversary of ASEAN.
They agreed to advance bilateral economic cooperation, as well as discuss ways in which both countries are contributing to regional peace and prosperity, including China's "One Belt, One Road" cross-border infrastructure megaproject, the spokesman said.
Abe's ruling coalition achieved a solid victory in last month's general election, while Xi and Li were re-elected to their positions in China's Communist Party following its twice-a-decade congress. "To improve China-Japan ties, the key is mutual trust".
Abe is in the country to participate in 31st Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit, related summits, and the East Asia Summit (EAS).