The Texas congressman's maneuver is expected to force a vote either Thursday or Friday, putting fellow Democrats in an awkward spot.
"I rise today on behalf of the many who have concluded that enough is enough", Mr Green said. He also accused Trump of "perfidy" in making the unsubstantiated claim that millions of people voted illegally in the 2016 presidential election.
"The public has been led to believe that a president must commit a crime to be impeached, which is not true", Green said.
Green, who first announced his intention to pursue impeachment last month, said he had not been asked to stand down before he came to the floor Wednesday.
White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders called the effort "pathetic" in a tweet Wednesday.
In almost 20 minutes of floor remarks Wednesday, Green inveighed against Trump for having "produced a demonstrable record of inciting white supremacy, sexism, bigotry, hatred, xenophobia, race baiting and racism by demeaning, defaming, disrespecting and disparaging women and certain minorities".
That section declares that a US president 'shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors'.
Green says that he didn't push for a vote now because he wants members of Congress to have a chance to read the text first, hence why he missed the opportunity to force a vote now.
The fourth article accuses the president of "encouraging law enforcement officials to violate the Constitutional rights of the suspects in their case".
"Any discussions I may have had are private, and I will not discuss them", Green told reporters Wednesday, adding that he felt "not one scintilla" of pressure from party leaders. "This is a time for our nation to mourn and for hearts to heal".
Green's resolution is considered "privileged" by the House, meaning it has to be considered by the end of the week.
Tom Steyer, 60, a billionaire California investor, spent more than $91 million in support of Democratic candidates past year.
Al Green, who represents Texas's ninth congressional district, took to the floor of the House to say Mr Trump's actions were sufficient to invoke the 25th Amendment of the USA constitution.
According to multiple House Democratic aides, party leaders had prevailed upon Green not to offer the resolution and thus force his colleagues to cast a potentially troublesome vote.
A vote in favor of impeachment could make Democrats look like they're overreaching and reflexively obstructionist, while a vote against could inflame the restive left flank of the party.