While Tulsa, Lawton, Anadarko, Norman and other towns and universities have officially embraced Indigenous Peoples' Day, Oklahoma City has remained the lone holdout amongst Oklahoma's largest communities to not pass a resolution marking the second Monday in October as Indigenous Peoples' Day - or in Tulsa's case - Native American Day.
On Monday, Alaskans will honor the first permanent Indigenous Peoples Day, recognizing the first nations people and Alaska Native culture.
Rooted in its counter-celebration to Columbus Day, the week of events will showcase different diverse histories and cultures of Native Americans. The majority of the discussion centered on the state of indigenous peoples in North Carolina, as well as around the Americas, as well as the goal of Indigenous Peoples' Day in light of the federal holiday, Columbus Day. Because, I want to believe the U.S.is better than this.
In 1892, President Benjamin Harrison started the celebration of Columbus Day to mark the 400th anniversary of Columbus' landing in the Bahamas. "She said [to my mom] 'we don't want your son speaking his native language because it will hinder him learning English.' The damage that that has done in my identity is a lot".
A small group of people gathered Monday to celebrate outside the Salt Lake City Public Library, and filled the courtyard with the echo of drums and singing. Columbus was an Italian-born explorer who set sail in August 1492, bound for Asia with backing from the Spanish monarchs King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, according to History.com.
"What really shapes how we think of this day is how it's taught", said Claudia Klaver, an associate professor of English at Syracuse University.
"Every major city in Oklahoma is celebrating Indigenous Peoples Day, except Oklahoma City", said Brenda Golden, a local activist. More of us need to take courageous missions like Columbus.
For Llanes and Almanza the ultimate change will occur when Indigenous Peoples' Day is recognized nationwide.
"Let's have a Native American Indigenous Peoples' Day".
A pamphlet distributed by the marchers states that Christopher Columbus is "perhaps the most violent symbol possible for Indigenous communities".
Columbus is celebrated in Latin America, too.
"This is not an insult to those who are not indigenous", Peterson said, "but this is recognizing the people whose land that you're standing upon, people who have paid the ultimate sacrifice". And we're entitled to do that just as they are entitled to celebrate who they are'.
The cultural shift has caused controversy in some places, much like the recent movement to tear down Confederate statues.
"I'm proud to introduce this measure honoring the people who lived for centuries on North America and here in Wisconsin before the so-called discovery of America by European explorers", Bowen said. Chopito is a member of the Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico.
"Ultimately, peace can be obtained by the values we spoke of and it can also be obtained within ourselves", Putra said.