"We have a ballistic missile defense review underway, but right now I am confident that we have what it takes to secure us against the North Korean threat and buy us some time until we can get the review done and come to you with a defensible sustainable ballistic missile defense buildup".
What is an intermediate-range ballistic missile?
Another independent expert, Michael Elleman, senior fellow for missile defense at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, said the new report is the first to identify the engine propelling the North Korean rockets, information that allows researchers to narrow their assumptions about the missile's capability.
On the other hand, if they try to intercept the missiles but fail, it could undermine the credibility of both countries' assurances that their antimissile systems can work.
Another "surprise" leaked by United States intelligence points to just how much in the dark we've been kept about North Korea's nuclear capabilities. With a degree of theatrical sinisterness, North Korea gave the Hwasong 14 its maiden flight on 4 July 2017, coinciding with the US' Independence Day.
But Alaska leaders say they have full confidence in the military's ability to stop a North Korean missile headed toward the USA, and they aren't planning additional public preparedness efforts in response.
There's also the question of accuracy. "We are going to be increasing the anti-missiles by a substantial amount of billions of dollars".
According to the analysis, the Hwasong-14 missiles tested in July were engineered to reach a very high altitude, but may lack the power to carry a heavy nuclear payload across the ocean to the US. As the New York Times reports, there are three main stages where attempts to disable a launched missile could potentially be made: on the way up, in midflight, and on the way down.
The THAAD system, of which at least one is permanently based at Andersen Air Force Base in Guam, could also take a shot. These physical stresses are exceptionally severe in the case of ICBMs, which fly higher than shorter-range systems and reach speeds several multiples of the speed of sound during descent.
"Japan invaded us, the Spanish invaded us", Genereux says.
We better hope Kim is bluffing about launching missiles to hit off the coast of Guam. The THAAD systems stations in South Korea could track the launch of the missiles, but are unlikely to be able to shoot them down.
The same assessment, however, notes that North Korea's ICBM reentry vehicles would likely perform adequately if flown on a normal trajectory to continental USA targets.
"I think we need to move to boost phase", she said. There's also the risk that an attempt to shoot the missile down will fail, and undermine trust in defenses that are created to protect nations from bombardment, but have yet to be tested in full combat.