Affirming goal of child labour-free society, India ratifies global conventions

Nobel Peace laureate Kailash Satyarthi

Nobel Peace laureate Kailash Satyarthi

He said the government was committed to protecting children's rights and complying with the child Labour laws and regulations and global conventions such as the Children's Act, Human Trafficking Act, Convention on the Rights of the Child among other worldwide conventions ratified by the nation.

"The Senate as part of the Children Day celebration, had a round table discussion with members of States Assembly across the country looking at where we are at the Child Right Act of 2003".

"It is a historic moment for India as we are going to take another giant step to affirm our commitment to a child labour-free India by ratifying the two Core Conventions of International Labour Organisation (ILO) - Convention 138 regarding admission of age to employment, and Convention 182 regarding worst forms of Child Labour, Labour Minister Bandaru Dattatreya said at the sidelines of an event held in Geneva at the ILO Conference, 2017, a statement said".

Under the Zambian laws child labour is defined by the Employment of Young Persons and Children's Act as "work carried out by children under conditions which are detrimental and risky to the child and affects proper physical, emotional and intellectual development in violation of worldwide and national legislation". "It now remains a collective responsibility of everyone to do their bit to remove the scourge of child labour from the country", Satyarthi had said.

It also prohibits the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant worldwide treaties. Yet, around the world, there are still 168 million children in child labour.

"All children have the right to be protected from child labour. Eighty-five million of them are engaged in hazardous work", Ryder said.

"Children are among the most vulnerable groups affected by natural disasters and climate change", said Vice Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Nguyen Trong Dam, addressing a workshop on the prevention of child labour in natural disasters and climate change in Ha Noi on Tuesday. In a nutshell, these Model Business Principles encourage businesses to adopt practices that prohibit child labour, conduct assessments of their organizations, provide training to employees and devise remediation plans for forced and harmful labour.

It will be stating the obvious to point out that conflicts, disasters and, diseases too, have a devastating impact on people's lives, push them into poverty, starvation and situations where their basic human rights are violated.

Aside from the dangers brought by armed clashes, the ILO said that child soldiers suffer physical and psychological abuse, harsh duties and punishments and are exposed to alcohol and drugs.

Statistics show that millions of people, particularly children, have been displaced and are now in Internally Displaced Persons camps with little or no food and medication, while many others are on the streets as destitutes and drop-outs, hawking, begging and even prostituting just to eke out a living.

At the same time, about 200 million people are affected by disasters every year, which a third of them are children.

"In times of conflict, in times of disaster, it is the children who often pay the heaviest price", the ILO said.

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